SCHRS RULES

LEGEND

  2014 changes highlighted by this colour.

  2013 changes highlighted by this colour.

  2012 changes highlighted by this colour.

A. GENERAL

A.1 Authority

These regulations are published under the authority of the ISAF.

A.2 Official language

The official language of these regulations is English. In the event of a dispute, the English text shall prevail over any translation.

The word shall is mandatory and the word may is permissive.

A.3 Amendments

The ISAF has the right to amend these regulations if necessary.

A.4 Interpretations

Any interpretations shall be made by the ISAF.

A.5 Spirit of the regulations

In case of doubt about any part of these regulations, the meaning, i.e. the spirit of the regulations governs.

A.6 Limits

Notwithstanding anything contained in these regulations, the ISAF or a National Authority shall have the power to refuse to grant, or withdraw, the status of recognized Class or a rating certificate from any Multihull, giving reasons in writing for taking such action.

A.7 Responsibility

The ISAF does not accept any legal responsibility in respect of these regulations.

B. ADMITTANCE

B.1 Quality of boats

These rules are created mainly for production boats.

Non-productions catamarans, experimental boats and new types with provisional rating may be ranked apart.

B.1.1 Production boats

A production boat belongs to a registered class or to a registered type.

The qualification of registered class or registered type requires the following conditions:

  1. 1. To respect the safety requirements of the government having jurisdiction;
  2. 2. To produce a minimum of 10 boats;
  3. 3. To have published class rules (effective for new types after 01/06/2001) which include data as follows:

  4. WS - Minimum sailing weight.
  5. CM - Maximum mainsail area.
  6. VLM - Maximum VLM.
  7. CJ - Maximum Jib Area.
  8. VLJ - Maximum VLJ.
  9. CSPI - Maximum Spinnaker area.
  10. LB - Length of Centre or Dagger board below the hull.
  11. BEAM - The maximum beam of the boat.
  12. NUMTRAP - The number of crew using trapeze.
  13. LTM - Length of the Top of the Mainsail.

  14. 4. To present the boat in a boatshow.
  15. 5. To present the boat at the nautical press.

B.1.2 Non-production or experimental boats

A non-production boat is any boat which does not belong to a registered class or to a registered type. A boat built as a registered boat but which is modified in such way that she contravenes her class rules will be considered as a non-production boat.

B.2 Rating certificate

To be permitted to race, non-production boats shall provide a rating certificate issued by a measurer recognised by the ISAF or a National Authority.

The certificate will state the rating as well as relevant data concerning the boat and the owner.

The rating certificate is obtained as follows:

  • The owner shall have a certificate of origin or a measurement form completed by a recognized measurer.
  • The owner applies to the appropriate National Authority for a rating certificate.
  • The Rating Certificate is not invalidated by change of ownership, providing the data remains constant.

N.B. A National Authority may require a fee.

C. RATING

C.1 Principle

Ratings, (i.e. time dividing factors,) are calculated on the basis of measurable data, warranted by classes, builders or importers, and are calculated using the formula described as follows, verifiable by anyone.

C.2 Datas

The inputs to the formula are as follows:

  • WC Weight of the crew (for calculation purposes only).
  • WS Minimum weight of the catamaran in sailing conditions.
  • AL Maximum overall length.
  • WL Maximum waterline length (before Jan 1st 2007).
  • CM Maximum authorised mainsail area.
  • VLM Maximum vertical projection of the luff of the mainsail.
  • CJ Maximum authorised jib area.
  • VLJ Maximum vertical projection of the luff of the jib.
  • CSPI Maximum authorised spinnaker area.
  • LB Maximum Length of Centre or Dagger board below the hull.
  • BEAM Maximum beam of the boat.
  • NUMTRAP Maximum number of crew using trapeze.
  • LTM Length of the Top of the Mainsail.
  • B2007 if boat designed before 2007.
  • SH apply Sinking Hull adjustment.
  • LF apply Lift Generating Foils adjustment.

C.3 Formula

All the following formula use metric units.

C.3.1 Rated Measurements

  • Rated Length L

  • Rated Length, after Jan 1st 2007, L = AL

  • Rated Length, before Jan 1st 2007, L = WL + 0.1 x (AL - WL)

  • Rated Weight W = WS + WC

  • Rated Sail Area A = M + J

  • Rated mainsail Area M = CM x ME

  • Mainsail efficiency ME = SE %

  • Rated Jib Area J

  • Multihulls without spinnaker J = CJ x JE

  • Multihulls with spinnaker J = ((CJ x JE)/100) + (CSPI * 0.1)

  • Jib efficiency JE = SE %

  • Square Top Mainsail Adjustment

  • Mainsail efficiency ME = SE x CTMS

  • CTMS = (1 - (0.195 - RTMS))0.5

  • RTMS = ((LTM x VLM) / 4) / CM

  • Sail efficiency SE

  • Sail efficiency SE = 40.1 + (18.31 x X) - (2.016 x X2) + (0.07472 x X3)

  • where X is the respective sail aspect ratio, as shown below

  • Mainsail Aspect ratio XM = VLM2 / CM

  • Jib Aspect ratio XJ = VLJ2 / CJ

C.3.2 Intermediate calculations

  • ZM2 = √(W x L) / A

  • DLR = W / L3

  • XC4 = 1.0 + (0.0061012 x ZM2 x L x DLR)

  • XC2 = 0.4556343 - (0.473292 x ZM2 x (1.038881 + (0.4371713 x DLR)))

  • XC = (-0.0414213 - (2.554547 x (ZM2/L))) + (0.00132305 x ZM2 x L2))

  • VTVB = √(-XC2 + √(XC22 - 4 x XC4 x XC)/2 x XC4)

C.3.3 Corrections and Penalties

  • Lift Generating Foil is: LGF = 0.015

  • and is the adjustment applied, for specific classes to the Board Correction.

  • Board Correction is: BC = 0.01 + LB / 35 x LGF

  • Sinking Hull adjustment is: SH = 1.011 and is the adjustment applied, for specific classes on the final Rating.

C.3.4 Power Factor

  • The Power Factor (PF) takes into account the Heeling (HM) and Righting moments (RM) as follows:

  • Power Factor PF = HM / RM0.1

  • The Power Factor is subject to a maximum of 1.040 and a minimum of 0.981

  • Heeling Moment HM = ((0.42 x (VLM + 1) x CM) + (0.33 x (VLJ + 1) x CJ)) x 9.7037

  • Righting Moment RM = (0.5 x BEAM x WS) + (BEAM x CW x 75) + (0.93 x NUMTRAP x 75)

C.3.5 Rating (or Time Dividing Factor)

  • R = 0.8 x PF x (VTVB) x (1 - BC) x 1.005 x SH

  • where the final rating will be calculated to 3 decimal places and where SH is the Sinking Hull adjustment applied to specific classes.

D. MEASUREMENT

All measurements must be undertaken according to the ISAF measurement rules and instructions.

For "Formula" type classes such as Formula 18 and A-Class, the rating is to reflect the limiting values for all relevant measurements permitted by the class rules. Where a measurement is required by SCHRS but not governed by class rules the figure used by SCHRS should be based on best practice, as used by a sample of boats in the top 10% of the fleet.

D.1 WC : Weight of the crew

The weight per crew member is assumed to vary according to the length of the boat, the sail area and the number of crew according to the following formula:

WC = 70kg + Rated Length (L) in excess of 5m x 10 capped at 80kg.

D.2 WS : Minimum weight of the catamaran in sailing conditions

  • The sailing weight is the weight of the catamaran ready to sail, excluding personal equipment, such as buoyancy aids or trapeze harnesses.
  • The boat itself, and all gear and sails weighed, should be in a dry condition. If this is not possible every effort should be made to dry the items as much as possible, and then the measurer should apply a correction for the weight of the remaining water.
  • All "normal" and "reasonably sized" sheets and lines used for sailing are to be included, if always carried.
  • Paddles are to be included, if always carried.
  • Other items, if always carried, will be included, or a fraction of the weight thereof included, in the WS measurement at the discretion of the measurer, who will also decide what is "normal" and "reasonably sized"
  • A maximum of 10kg of corrector weights, in accordance to the class rules if applicable, may be used to bring the weight up to the WS.

D.3 AL : Maximum Overall Length

The horizontal distance between the forwardmost point on the hull proper, to the aftmost point on the hull proper (normal rudder fittings to be excluded).

D.4 WL : Maximum Waterline Length (before Jan 1st 2007)

To be measured with the boat at sailing weight WS plus crew weight WC. For transom sterned boats, the added weight WC will be distributed until both transoms just touch the water. Other boats will be measured with the weight distributed so that the waterline is parallel to the sailing weight waterline.

D.5 CM : Maximum Authorized Mainsail Area

Maximum mainsail area allowed by the class rules or, in default, registered by the builder. CM includes spars if mast rotates. (ISAF measurement rules and instructions).

D.6 VLM : Maximium Vertical projection of the Luff of the Mainsail

To be measured along the aft side of the mast, between two bands. When sailed, the mainsail head shall not be hoisted higher than the bottom of the upper band, and the tack point shall not be downhauled lower than the top of the bottom band. For classes or types which have no requirement in their class rules for a lower black band, the VLM will be measured by hoisting the sail and downhauling it just enough to take out any creases, and then measuring the sail from the top of the headboard to a point on the aft side of the mast which is at right angles to the lowest part of the sail.

D.7 CJ : Maximum authorized Jib Area

Maximum Jib area allowed by the class rules or, in default, registered builder.

D.8 VLJ : Maximum Vertical projection of the Luff of the Jib

To be measured along the forward side of the mast. Where this is time consuming the measurer may use an approximation as follows:

VLJ = LJ x 0.95 (where LJ is the length of the Luff).

D.9 CSPI : Maximum authorized Spinnaker area

Asymetric spinnakers are allowed.

The half width, i.e. the distance between the half leech points shall be greater or equal to 75% of the foot length.

CSPI = SF x ((SL1 + SL2) / 4) + (SMG - (SF / 2)) x 2/3((SL1 + SL2) / 2)

Where SF = foot; SL1 = luff; SL2 = leech; SMG = half width

Stiffening devices such as headboards and battens are prohibited.

IYRR 50.2 does not apply.

Where a spinaker has an SMG measurement which falls short of 75% of SF, CSPI shall be incresed according to the following formula:

    CSPI = CSPI x (1 + (( 0.75 - SMG/SF) x 2))

and any headsail capable of effective use upwind shall be rated as a jib.

D.10 LB : Maximum Length of Centre or Dagger board below the hull.

For the standard dagger board this is the length of the board below the hull. For T Foil this is the combined vertical and horizontal measurements. For curved dagger boards this is the measurement around the external circumference of the board.

D.11 BEAM : Maximum beam of the boat

The maximum width of the boat, including wings, racks, sliding seats or other appendages.

D.12 NUMTRAP : Maximum number of crew on trapeze

The maximum number of crew on trapeze

D.13 B2007 : Rated Length adjustment

Measurers should enter B in this box for designs established before 1st January 2007. The calculation of rated length takes into account the waterline length of older boats (WL) as well as the overall length (AL).

D.14 LTM : Length of the Top of the Mainsail

For square headed mainsails, the horizontal length of the top of the mainsail is measured in accordance with the diagrams. Square headed mainsails are those where the angle between the mast and the top of the sail exceeds 55 degrees.

D.15 SH : Sinking Hull adjustment

Measurers should only apply the Sinking Hull adjustment to deep V hulls such as those on the Hobie 14 and Hobie 16.

D.16 LF : Lift Generating Foils adjustment

Where in the opinion of the measurer the main foils are curved or otherwise designed to generate lift to enable the boat to skim the surface of the water, then an additional penalty of 3% shall be added to the Board Correction Factor (BC).

Where in the opinion of the measurer the main foils are designed to enable the boat to fly above the water then the additional penalty shall be 7%.

E. RACING RESULTS

E.1 Corrected time

The racing results are calculated by dividing the sailing time by the rating (or time dividing factor) to obtain corrected time.

E.2 One-design classes and subgroups

As mentioned in the preamble, National Authorities or organisers may consider separate arrangements or rankings with one-design or level rating classes or subgroups present in sufficient numbers.

E.3 Non-production or experimental boats

Non-production or experimental boats may be ranked apart.

E.4 Boats sailing under provisional rating

Boats sailing under provisional rating may be ranked apart.

E.5 Foiling boats

During 2014 the ratings for full foiling boats will be regarded as provisional. They are to be allowed to race under SCHRS, but race officers may wish to rank them apart under rule B1.

F. ATTRIBUTION

F.1 Competence

Ratings are assigned by the ISAF, according to the report of the measurer officially recognised by the ISAF or a National Authority.

F.2 Existing types

For existing types which comply with the production boat qualifications, classes and builders shall register each type a standard form giving the data mentioned at paragraph C.2. The ISAF will assign for each a rating which will be valid from the first of January each year.

F.3 Approval of a new type

To get a rating for a new type, a class or builder shall register a standard form giving the data mentioned in paragraph C.2., so that the ISAF can compute a provisional rating.

The ISAF will send the class or builder measurement forms in sufficient number.

As soon as the conditions required to be considered as a production boat are completed (see paragraph B.1.1.), the ISAF may publish a list of updates which become effective on the date of issue unless otherwise stated.

G. VALIDITY

G.1 Issue

Each year, after the November meeting of the ISAF, it will issue a list of ratings which will be valid from the 1st of January of the following year, unless otherwise prescribed by the ISAF or a National Authority.

During the year, the ISAF may publish lists of updates which will become effective at the date of issue unless otherwise stated.

G.2 Builders liability

It is the builder's or his representative's inescapable responsibility to ensure that his hulls, spars, sails, foils and equipment comply with the class rules and these rules at the time of delivery and that alterations to the product are registered with the ISAF before being produced.

G.3 Adjustments

When dimensions of a design are found to differ substantially form the original measurements, the ISAF can decide to alter the original rating to a more penalising one.

Deviation from the maximum and minimum dimensions in one or other direction from the data given on the official lists will never lead to a change to a less penalising rating.

If a class has a rule change or any development which may influence the SCHRS rating then its rating is to be recalculated on the new basis and the number published as appropriate.

G.4 Provisional ratings

Provisional ratings are assigned by the ISAF (see paragraph E.3.).

H. CONTROL

H.1 Inspection or measurement during a regatta

A race committee or a National Authority has the right to conduct an inspection or a measurement during a regatta to check the compliance with the class rules and with these rules.

H.2 Identification marks

Catamarans of recognised classes or registered types shall carry identification marks, indicating the type of catamaran on hulls and sails.

H.3 Responsibility of the owner or his representative

It is the owner's or his representative's inescapable responsibility to ensure that his hulls, spars, sails, foils and equipment comply with the rules of the class in which he enters and these rules at all times, and that alterations, replacements or repairs to the hulls, spars, sails, foils and equipment do not contravene the class rules and these rules and are reported to the measurement form.

New or altered sails shall be measured by a measurer who shall mark the sail near the tack. The National Class Association or the National Authority shall issue a new certificate.

It is the owners or his representative's responsibility to ensure that their boat conforms to the current rating certificate.

H.4 Rule compliance

In case of a measurement dispute in respect of hulls, spars, foils, sails, battens, type of fittings or equipment and the placing of the same if controlled by these regulations, the following procedures shall be adopted:

  • A sample of ten boats of the same class shall be taken at random and measured by the same identical techniques.
  • The dimensions of the disputed boat shall be equal to, or between the maximum and minimum dimensions obtained from the ten sample boats.
  • If the protested boat is outside these dimensions, the matter, together with any relevant information shall be referred to the chief measurer of the National Authority under whose jurisdiction the race takes place, who shall give a ruling.

H.5 Responsibility of the measurer

A measurer shall not measure hulls, spars, sails, foils or equipment built by himself, or in which he is an interested party or has a vested interest.